Wakerobin (Trillium erectum)
Image ID: 2013/bf029Tap/mouseover and drag to zoom/pan.
Other common names: Erect Trillium, Ill-Sented Wake-robin, Purple Trillium, Red Trillium, Stinking Benjamin, Stinking Willie, Wake-robin
Family: Liliaceae (Lily)
Height: 0.5 to 1.5 ft.
Blooms: April to June
Leaf Type: smooth
Bloom Size: 2.5 in. (typical)
Flower Description: Individual flowers, Regular blooms, 3 parts
Location: Butler-Freeport Trail
More photos of this flower
As implied by the scientific name, the flower of toadshade is sessile (stemless) - the flower sits right atop the leaves. Also, the mottled leaf is characteristic of toadshade, but not of wake robin.
Folklore, History, and Other Facts
The following information is taken from my great-grandmother's copy of The Herbalist (1918). This information is presented for historic purposes only, as many remedies recommended by this book are toxic!
We started out as wildflowers from the bicycle trails of western Pennsylvania, but we've grown!
Meyer, Joseph E. (1918). The Herbalist and Herb Doctor. Hammond, Ind.: Indiana Herb Gardens. 400 pp.